The doctor chooses to access the spine at the point where the disorder is located. They may access the spine from the front, i.e. from the abdomen, or from the back.
Operations on the spine may be either invasive or minimally invasive. With the invasive method, the surgeon reaches the spine via a long skin incision.
A minimally invasive operation can be achieved with four small skin incisions. The doctor then inserts their surgical tools and a camera into the body through these incisions. This enables them to see their movements on a screen.
The decision as to which method to use will depend on the clinical picture and the general health of the patient in question.